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Every time I start my computer, I launch some applications. It would be easy just to add them to start up programs, but the thing is, I want them in specific work spaces. The default installation of Ubuntu comes with two work spaces. I always change mine to have four work spaces, in two rows. I have a specific use for each space. The first space is where I do all my work, editing text files, browsing the internet, etc. Space two is for email, instant messaging, posting to Twitter with Twitux. The third work space is for multimedia, Rhythmbox, Totem, etc. The fourth space is where I put applications that need to be open but don’t require much interaction, like Transmission. It may not be the best layout, but it works for me.. Anyway, the point behind this, is that if I open everything it automatically goes to my first work space. So, if I had the programs start automatically, I would still have to put them in the work space I have chosen for them. The answer to this problem is a program called Devil’s Pie. You can get it by opening terminal and typing:
sudo apt-get install devilspie
After devilspie is installed, you need to make a .devilspie directory in your home folder. So, type:
Change to this new directory with the command:
There are a few good tutorials out there that show how to create files to place applications where you want them including maximizing and decorating them, so I will keep this brief. Just for reference, to create a file to place Pidgin on your second work space, create a file called pidgin.ds:
Place this line in the file:
if (is (application_name) “Pidgin”) (set_workspace 2))
Now, Devil’s Pie will move Pidgin to the second workspace when it is opened. If you create a file with an application name in it and it doesn’t move the application to the designated space, try using all lower case in the application name, or if you did use all lower case, try the first letter in upper-case. Evolution, for example, is all lower-case.
To get everything working with out any interaction, go to the system menu, preferences, sessions. On the start up programs tab click add. Enter the following information:
Name: Devil’s Pie
Command: devilspie -a
Click on add, then click close. Now Devil’s Pie will start automatically and apply your settings to any window that is opened, as well as any window that was already opened.
If you would prefer to use a GUI to make devil’s Pie files, one is available. It is called gdevilspie